Herbs are more commonly called plants. They are used because of their qualities such as flavours, scent or some other properties. Each herb is used in different ways. They are mainly used for cooking and for making herbal products that are used for treating various diseases.
The herbs have been used by the Vaidyas- the traditional Indian doctors for Ayurvedic treatment- since ages. Different herbs are obtained from different parts of a plant. They may come from roots, leaves, barks, seeds or flowers of a plant. However, the herbal extracts obtained from plants are used in very small quantities. Large amounts of herbs may result in poisoning that is why it should be used with utmost caution.
Family Name : LAMIACEAE
Botanical Name : MENTHA ARVENSIS / PIPERITA
Common Name : FIELD MINT, CORN MINT, JAPANESE MINT, PUDINA
Part Used : WHOLE PLANT, OIL
Uses : The entire plant is antibacterial, antifibrile. It yeilds an essential oil and menthol which exert, through their rapid evaporation,
slightly anaesthetic, and anodyne local effect.
It is effective in headache, rhinitis, cough, sore throat, colic, prurigo and vomiting. Menthol obtained from this is used in balm.
It is also used as flavoring agent in culinary preparations.